Amendola, Giovanni

   Born in Naples on 15 April 1882, Amendola was to become the leader of the Aventine Secession. This talented liberal deputy and one-time cabinet minister suffered beatings by Fascist thugs on 26 December 1923, and again in 1925 (at Montecatini) at the hands of Carlo Scorza, a Fascist who was to become secretary of the Partito Nazionale Fascista/National Fascist Party (PNF) in 1943. While serving in the government of Luigi Facta as minister for colonial affairs, Amendola had been one of the three who persuaded the prime minister to prepare for royal signature a decree of martial law to stop the March on Rome. Facta’s repeated failure to persuade the king and the latter’s refusal to sign cleared the way for the call to Rome of BenitoMussolinito form a government. Amendola’s final parliamentary address, listing the wrongs committed in Fascism’s name, was repeatedly interrupted by Mussolini and the blackshirts. In the violence-ridden elections of 1924, Amendola founded and led the Unione Democratica Nazionale/National Democratic Union (UDN) (the constitutional opposition), only 14 of whose candidates were elected. After the Matteotti slaying, many deputies from the Partito Comunista Italiano/Italian Communist Party (PCI) and the Partito Popolare Italiano/Italian People’s Party (PPI) withdrew from Parliament and retired to the Aventine Hill. Their leader, Amendola, was convinced that King VictorEmmanuel III would act against Mussolini once the Fascist leader was implicated in the kidnapping and murder of a parliamentary deputy. However, far from provoking the hoped-for public reaction, this move showed itself to be completely ineffective. The king clearly disliked the prospect of having socialists in government more than he did the rule of Fascism to which, after all, he was closely tied by virtue of his past support.
   Amendola had been an editorialist for Bologna’s daily newspaper, Resto del Carlino (1912–1914), and had supported the war in Libya as well as intervention in World War I. From the Carlino, he went to the more prestigious Corriere della Sera of Milan, where he served between 1914 and 1920, opposing the Balkan expansionism of foreign minister Sidney Sonnino. In 1922, he founded—and was editor of—Il Mondoof Rome. His impassioned antifascist editorials, especially after the Matteotti crime, were among the most telling and probably explain Fascist motives in the several beatings administered to him. He also signed Benedetto Croce’s Manifesto degli Intellettuali.
   Amendola became one of the so-called fuorusciti, the antifascist expatriates. Their number grew and included—in addition to Amendola—Francesco Nitti, Carlo Sforza, Luigi Sturzo, Gaetano Salvemini, Piero Gobetti, Claudio Treves, Pietro Nenni, and Filippo Turati. Amendola died in Cannes, France, on 7 April 1926. In 1950, his ashes were removed to his native Naples.
   See also Squadrismo.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Amendola, Giovanni — ▪ Italian journalist and politician born April 15, 1882, Rome, Italy died April 7, 1926, Cannes, France       journalist, politician, and, in the early 1920s, foremost opponent of the Italian Fascists.       As a young journalist, Amendola… …   Universalium

  • Amendola, Giovanni — ► (1888 1926) Político, periodista y filósofo italiano. Colaboró en La Voce y el Corriere della Sera y fundó Il Mondo. Fue diputado en 1919 24, subsecretario de Hacienda (1920) y ministro de Colonias (1924). Autor de Filosofía y psicología en el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Amendola, Giovanni — (Napoli 1882 Cannes, Costa Azzurra 1926) fondatore de “L’Anima” con G. Papini; scrittore e critico letterario; uomo politico. collab./opere: Il Leonardo , “La Voce” …   Dizionario biografico elementare del Novecento letterario italiano

  • Amendola — Amendola, Giovanni …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Amendola — (izg. amèndola), Giovanni (1886 1926) DEFINICIJA talijanski političar, protivnik iredente u Dalmaciji, 1924 1926. na čelu grupacije opozicijskih stranaka koje su se pokušale oduprijeti fašizmu …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Giovanni Amendola — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Amendola. Giovanni Battista Amendola (né le 15 avril 1882 à Salerne, en Campanie mort le 12 avril 1926 à Cannes, Alpes Maritimes, France) est un homme politique italien, opposant au fascisme. Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Giovanni Amendola — (* 15. April 1882 in Neapel; † 7. April 1926 in Cannes) war ein italienischer Journalist und Politiker. In den ersten Jahren des italienischen Faschismus gehörte er zu den herausragenden liberalen Antifaschisten des Landes. Amendola starb 1926 an …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giovanni Amendola — (April 15 1882 – April 7 1926) was an Italian journalist and politician, noted as an opponent of Fascism.Amendola was born in Salerno. After he graduated with a degree in philosophy, he collaborated with some newspapers, among them being Il… …   Wikipedia

  • Amendola — may refer to: *Buddy Amendola college football coach *Danny Amendola professional (American) football player *Ferruccio Amendola Italian actor *Giorgio Amendola son of the Italian politician, Communist writer *Giovanni Amendola Italian politician …   Wikipedia

  • Amendola — oder Améndola ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Claudio Amendola (* 1963), italienischer Schauspieler und Filmproduzent Ferruccio Amendola (1930–2001), italienischer Schauspieler Gina Amendola (* 1917), italienische Schauspielerin Giorgio… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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